LONDON, ENGLAND, UNITED KINGDOM (DARTMOUTH FILMS) - Veteran investigative journalist John Pilger accuses Australia of running a system of apartheid towards its Aboriginal communities in a new documentary now out in Britain.
Politicians in the film say they have done everything in their power to cure what is an intractable problem and are proud of the state's efforts to find a solution.
But Pilger, who has sought to draw Western attention to Aboriginal poverty since the 1980s, blames ordinary Australians, politicians and mining companies for what he calls a "shaming national secret".
He says mining profits from the Australian outback's extensive mineral reserves now top $1 billion dollars a week and attacks the government for backing off plans two years ago for more extensive taxation of the sector that could have been funnelled into indigenous communities.
"According to the Credit Suisse global wealth survey the other day, Australia is the richest country in the world, which makes it even more extroadinary that it has its original people living in poverty at levels of Africa and India with preventable diseases," Pilger said in an interview before the film's release on Friday (November 15).
Pilger's determination to promote the world's poor has not softened in the 40 years since he was among the first western journalists to document the aftermath of the overthrow of Pol Pot in the film "Year Zero", prompting Britons to donate around $45 million in aid for Cambodia.
"Utopia" includes arguments with some politicians who have held sway over policy towards the Aboriginal communities over the past decade.
They accuse Pilger of oversimplifying the issues they face and asking "puerile" questions about why the problems have not been solved despite millions in government spending.
"An apartheid has run right through Australian society for as long as I've known it and I was born and grew up there," Pilger said.
"Perhaps the reason why is because the Aboriginal people, unlike the black people of South Africa, are about 3 percent of the population," he added.
Australia's new conservative government is seeking to scrap the mining profits tax introduced last year.
After talks with global miners including BHP Billiton and Rio Tinto, the tax is expected to raise only $4 billion a year in its first four years compared to initial estimates of up to $22.5 billion.
"When you now read some of the extraordinary work being done for instance by the historian, Henry Reynolds, you see that the colonials in Australia, the white Australians, were calling on the elimination of the native people," said Pilger.
"I think the treatment of the original people has a lot to do with the fact the majority of Australians have never really come to terms with what happened in probably the first fifty or sixty years," he added.
The former conservative government sent police and troops into the Aboriginal communities in June 2007, and imposed special bans on alcohol and pornography, to stamp out child sex abuse fuelled by chronic alcoholism.
The move had widespread support among white Australians but was opposed by many in the Aboriginal communities affected.
"Utopia" will be released in Australia in January.
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