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British royal succession rules to change

posted 28 Oct 2011, 05:15 by Sam Mbale

Commonwealth leaders agree to drop rules that give sons precedence as heir to throne and bars monarchs from marrying a Roman Catholic.

PERTH, AUSTRALIA (OCTOBER 28, 2011) REUTERS - Centuries of British royal discrimination came to an end on Friday (October 28) after Commonwealth leaders agreed to drop rules that give sons precedence as heir to the throne and bar anyone in line for the crown from marrying a Roman Catholic.

The 16 countries that have Queen Elizabeth as their monarch agreed to the changes put forward by British Prime Minister David Cameron, who had called the rules of succession outdated.

"The idea that a younger son should become monarch instead of an elder daughter simply because he is a man, or that a future monarch can marry someone of any faith except a Catholic, this way of thinking is at odds with the modern countries that we've all become," Cameron told reporters.

The agreement came on the sidelines of a Commonwealth summit presided over by the Queen in the west Australian city of Perth.

The leaders agreed to drop the practice of giving precedence to male over female heirs to the throne, regardless of age.

The issue has been brought into focus by this year's wedding of Prince William, second-in-line to the throne, and Kate Middleton.

Without a change, their first son would eventually become king even if he had an older sister.

"First, we will end the male primogenital rule, so that in future the order of succession should be determined simply by the order of birth. And, we have agreed to introduce this for all descendants from the Prince of Wales. Put simply, if the Duke and Duchess of Cambridge were to have a little girl, that girl would one day be our queen," Cameron said.

Current succession rules dating back to 1688 and 1700 were designed to ensure a Protestant monarchy, and bar anyone in line to the throne from marrying a Catholic.

Only a Catholic link is barred. There are no restrictions on marrying members of other religions or atheists.

The rules have their roots in a turbulent period of English history dating back to Henry VIII's break with Rome in the mid-16th century. The laws were imposed at a time when Catholics were seen as a threat to the state.

However, the British monarch remains head of the Church of England.

"We've agreed to scrap the rule which says that no one who marries a Roman Catholic can become monarch. Let me be clear, the monarch must be in communion with the Church of England because he or she is the head of that church, but it is simply wrong they should be denied the chance to marry a Catholic, if they wish to do so," said Cameron.

A group will now be set up to coordinate the necessary legislation for the changes.